Who Reviews My Paper after Submission?

Paper review process

A paper is a collection of several primary pieces of literature to produce a coherent argument regarding a topic. To put it simply, a paper is a publication concerning a particular topic. The paper can either be published in a Journal. A paper can also be a thesis. The purpose of a paper review is … Read more

Impact Factor Versus Index Factor – Compare the 2 Factors

Comparing impact factor versus index factor

In terms of designs, the impact factor differs from the index factor. Not many people know the difference, but that’s fine. Here, we will identify what each of them is and also tell the difference between them. Let’s get to it then, shall we? What Is An Impact Factor? The Impact Factor is also referred … Read more

What Is IMRaD? IMRaD in Simple Terms!

What is IMRaD

You might be reading this article perhaps you have faced the same question; What is IMRaD? When writing a scientific paper, it is important to follow an appropriate organizational structure. IMRaD is one such organizational format. IMRaD is an acronym, which stands for Introduction, Method, Results, And Discussion. It is an increasingly popular organizational structure … Read more

Where to Submit Your Paper?

Submit your paper

Imagine a scenario where you have created a manuscript after months of researching and backbreaking ordeal. You smile and submit your paper but then you get rejected by the publishing journal. All your hopes and dreams are crushed in a blink of an eye. It sounds tragic, right? But for an average journal, nearly 50 … Read more

Writing an Abstract

writing an abstract

Writing an abstract for a research paper can be a challenging process. There are multiple sections that may confuse you if you have no prior experience. It can overwhelm you, and might even make you prone to missing out on very specific details. For now, let’s just zoom in on the very first section – … Read more

Science Writing Vs. Formal Writing

Science writing vs formal writing

Writing isn’t just about putting pen to paper and scribbling words. Different occasions demand different types of writing. Using an informal type of writing for situations that demand a formal type of writing wouldn’t be acceptable. That is why it is important to learn about the different writing types or styles and when they are … Read more

When Do Statistical Analyses Lie

Statistical analyses and lies

Statistical Analyses used to be associated with the business industries back then. They have, however, become very important in the way humans live their life. Statistics are commonly used by the government to formulate policy bothering on their citizens. Without it, some sectors of the world will be nonfunctional. The rise in globalized operations, as … Read more

Why Many Papers Cannot Be Reproduced

Irreproducible results in science papers

As soon as scientists write up their findings and results in scientific papers, they should endeavor to include their methodology in order to allow other scientists to replicate those results. It is also important for a study to be replicated much time over by an independent group of scientists before they can be confident that … Read more

Biology; a Field with Many Branches

Biology Branches

Everywhere you look, you’ll see biology. It is evenly distributed all-around your surroundings. From the animals to the plants, to the river you’re looking into, to the ground you’re stepping on. Indeed, everything shows off the evidence and importance of biology to the world. The functioning of the human system is all due to biology. … Read more

Writing a Sound Conclusion for Your Paper

writing a Conclusion for your paper

Although writing an introduction or a conclusion for your paper can be sometimes hard, they’re very important parts of your paper. They both have a crucial effect on the readers’ perception of your paper. A sound conclusion can assist the readers in making a transition back to their daily routine after reading your paper, in … Read more

Editing a Science Paper

Revising and Editing a science paper

Unlike editing blogs, articles, novels, etc., editing a science paper is different and follows a formal style. Therefore, it becomes crucial that science papers are edited carefully without altering the meaning and style of the work. Here are some tips that one can follow while editing a science paper. Consistency is the key When you … Read more

Handling Reviewers’ Comments for Beginners

Handling reviewers' comments and feedback

Hardly any manuscript gets selected in the very first attempt. And if yours is not rejected then surely you might be asked for a revision. Well, whatever it is, a rejection or revision, you don’t have to lose your heart. Because it is not the end of the world, of course! Beginners tend to lose … Read more

Evidence-based Arguments – What Is a Strong Argument?

evidence-based arguments

When we talk about critical thinking, it means being capable of making good arguments. People have a wrong misconception of argument and tend to link it to a fight or quarrel. Rather, arguments are claims that are solidly supported by evidence. Furthermore, argumentation is a social process of two or more people engaging in arguments, … Read more

P-value and Compromising Scientific Findings

p-value and statistical analysis

In science, the ultimate success of any experiment is most of the times determined through a measure known as statistical significance. For a result to be considered significant, the difference that is observed in the experiment carried out between groups of probably people or plants will be quite unlikely if no difference exists. However, the … Read more

Importance of Reproducibility in Science

reproducibility in science

In a survey when scientists were asked about reproducibility in science, more than 70% of them claimed to have failed to reproduce another scientist’s results, and more than 50% have failed to reproduce their own results. When we talk about data in science, reproducibility and replicability are among the major keys to what is known … Read more

Responding to Reviewers – Effectively & Professionally

tips for responding to reviewers comments

Firstly, you need to note that responding to reviewers whenever they are done assessing your research paper is a challenging task. It can be likened to writing the initial manuscript. Your response may as well be necessary when it comes down to resolving issues that have been addressed in your paper. Bear in mind that … Read more

How to Come up with a Research Question

A good research question

What is a research question? A research question is a question that a research project sets out to answer or around which your research is centered. Choosing a research question is the primary step to begin with your Ph.D. project. It is an essential element for both quantitative and qualitative research. You will need to … Read more

Plagiarism in Science

Plagiarism in science publications

A recent analysis  was done by Science Magazine on 10,500 retracted journal articles and found that the number of retractions has continued to grow, but it also challenges some worrying perceptions that continue today. The number of articles retracted by journals is constantly increasing each year. In one case an anesthesiologist racked up about 90 … Read more