How to Analyze Grammar in a Text

Analyzing grammar is a necessary part of proofreading and editing a text for professional or academic reasons. It is important because it makes it easy for readers to quickly grasp the message of the writer. However, to analyze grammar, several factors must be well understood before one can make a correct analysis.

The organazational hierarchy of sentences

First and foremost, it is important to understand all the parts of speech, and how they ought to be used in a sentence. They include:

  1. Nouns
  2. Pronouns
  3. Verbs
  4. Adverbs
  5. Adjectives
  6. Interjections
  7. Prepositions
  8. Conjunctions
  9. Verbs


Each of these parts is to be used correctly, and a tiny omission or misunderstanding could send a vague message to the reader.

Take this sentence for example:

John is a boy; John enjoys skiing: This sentence makes mention of JOHN twice, when in fact a pronoun should be used.

John is a boy; he enjoys skiing: This sentence shows a fine balance between the noun and pronoun.

Furthermore, in analyzing grammar, it is important to check the form of the part of speech used, and determine if it is correct or not. An example is the comparative and superlative adjectives and their usage. For example; he is the beautifulest boy I have ever seen. However, the correct sentence will be: He is the most beautiful boy I have ever seen. (Learn about the grammar rules that have changed in the 21st century)

A further step in analyzing grammar is to check if every sentence respects the rule of concord. In the English language, there exist more than 24 rules of concord, all of which must be respected at all times. The major rules include:

  1. THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE SUBJECT AND THE VERB: The law states that if a singular subject is used in a sentence, a corresponding singular verb has to be used. An example is this: He swims. He is the subject while swims is the singular verb. Also, if a plural subject is used in a sentence, a corresponding plural verb has to be used. An example is this: The boys play.
  2. The next law states that when the words everyone or everybody are used, the object of the sentence must be singular. A perfect example of this is: Everybody knows their
  3. The law of proximity: This law explains that the choice of verb is determined by the noun or pronoun which is closest to it. An example is this: Peter, Frank, and their parents are to blame.
  4. The next law states that when “a pair of” is used, the verb that follows must be singular. An example is this: A pair of boots sit on the porch.

Furthermore, to properly analyze grammar in a text, it is important to check the tenses used and check their correctness. There is the present simple tense, which is used for facts and statements that aren’t affected by the passage of time. The simple past tense is used for events that have happened in the past. The future simple tense is for events that will happen in the future.

Importantly, it is also necessary to check for the use of direct and reported speech. Furthermore, spelling errors should also be checked and properly corrected. Also important is the correct use of punctuation; commas should be used in long sentences, full stops at the end of sentences, and so on. Punctuation like the semi-colon and dash should be used as little as possible.

Conclusively, conducting a grammatical analysis of your work is not just an important process, it is a necessary part of your writing process. The grammatical analysis process allows you to see errors that you might have missed while writing, and also gives you better ideas on how to craft your sentences.

Grammar Rules

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