Paraphrasing and Quotation in Chicago Format

When you write a paper or an essay, you are expected to write the results of your research in your own words. That is why copying another author’s paper or, at the very least, using an idea from a source without citing the author is termed plagiarism. Plagiarism is a major form of academic dishonesty that attracts severe punishment and humiliation.

However, you can use the ideas from a source without plagiarizing either by paraphrasing or quoting. Paraphrasing is the method of using the idea in a source material without using the text in the source the way it was written. Also, paraphrasing is the author’s rendition of the text in a source material that is presented in a new form while still expressing the same idea.

Quotation, unlike paraphrasing, is copying the exact text of source material and including it in your work with the inclusion of a quotation mark to show the words are not yours.

To avoid plagiarism, you need to give credit to the author or creator of the original idea anytime you use them either by paraphrasing or by quotation. The method of paraphrasing or quoting a source is dependent on the writing format you are using for your paper or essay.

This article illustrates how paraphrasing and quotation can be done successfully in Chicago format.

Paraphrasing and quotation

pointing hand Quotation in Chicago Format

Short Quotation

When you are taking a text from a source that is less than 100 words, you are expected to incorporate the text in your paragraph with the inclusion of quotation marks. The citation for the quotation should come after or before the quotation mark in parenthesis. The page number where the text was taken should be included in the citation.

For example

Johnson (2005, 154) stated that “Morning routines are one of the defining factors that predict if a person will have a great day.”

If there is any information being left out, three dots (…) must be used to indicate that there is missing information.

For example

Alexander (1999, 201) argued that “having or creating a morning routine is not focused on who can achieve or check off the most boxes……. but it is about making sure you start your day with peace”.

Longer quotation

When you have to use a text from a source that is more than 100 words, you are expected to incorporate the text in a new paragraph. Plus, the text should be writing as a free-standing block of text. Also, the text should be indented by one-half inch to the right, and the text should be written in double space. The citation with page number should be placed at the end of the paragraph after the punctuation.

For example

Internet ethics is a subset of computer ethics; it is a relatively young discipline that has now become one of the most important branches of ethics as a philosophical field. In the early 1980s, ethical issues in computing became one of the important issues of philosophers, computer scientists, and scholars (James and John, 2009, 312).

pointing hand Paraphrasing in Chicago Format

Paraphrasing entails rephrasing the idea in the source material in your own words. Paraphrasing still requires that you cite the original source. When paraphrasing, you are not expected to include your own idea in the text. The idea behind paraphrasing is to express ideas in your own words so it can flow better with your writing.

When paraphrasing, you are expected to change the sentence structure and expression using alternative expression and synonyms. When citing the source for a paraphrased sentence in Chicago style, the page number of the original text should be included.

For example

Akbulut et al. (2008) identified the several types of academic dishonesty behavior that can be linked to internet usage, and these behaviors include plagiarism, fraudulence, and many more. (213)

You may also want to read Paraphrasing and Quotation in MLA Format!

academic editors of manuscripts

Photo of author

By Andy Xavier

Andy is an avid content developer and writer. He is experienced in creating engaging articles that are entirely unique and insightful. He has written lots of articles for Scientific Editing since 2019.

Leave a Comment

Related Posts

Writing an abstract in Chicago format

Step-by-Step Instructions for Writing an Abstract in Chicago Format

Introduction An abstract is generally a one-paragraph summary of a paper that is written to give readers an insight as to what the paper is about. Authors write abstracts to present the main points of the paper to the readers. This is why an abstract is generally referred to as a snapshot of the focus…
Chicago table of contentss

Chicago Table of Contents: How to Create One

Introduction Table of contents refers to the list of the contents in a paper that is usually found in the preliminary pages of a paper. Plus, it usually gives the descriptions of the chapter and sections in the paper as well as their commencing page number. Just like most writing styles, Chicago style does not…
Using Abbreviations in Chicago Format - A Clear Guide 1 | Scientific Editing

Using Abbreviations in Chicago Format – A Clear Guide

Introduction Abbreviations are essentially the shortened version of a phrase or word. The way abbreviations are to be used in a paper or essay is entirely dependent on the writing format you are using. Each writing format has its specific rules for abbreviations. The Chicago style is no exception to this, it, however, distinguishes between…
Numbers in Chicago format

Numbers in Chicago Format

Introduction When writing a nontechnical or a technical paper or essay, there is a high tendency of having to make use of numbers in your text, most especially if you are writing a scientific paper where you would have to report numerical information about your research. Most authors are fond of spelling out the numbers…
Chicago reference page

A Comprehensive Guide to Chicago Reference Page

Introduction Chicago has two documentation styles, which are the Notes-Bibliography System (NB) and the Author-Date system. The former is used by authors and students in literature, history, and the arts, while the latter, although similar, is used by authors and students in social sciences and pure sciences. The two systems were both developed to convey…