How to write the results section

The Results section of your research paper represents the main findings of your study derived from the experiments and analyses that your have performed. This section presents your findings in an organized and logical sequence without further interpretation from the author.This section prepares the reader for later interpretation in the Discussion section. A main goal of this section is to break down the data into well organized sentences that emphasize significance of your findings to the research question(s).

Since each study is unique, there is no universal approach when it comes to designing a strategy for structuring and writing the Results section of a research paper. The specific area of research, the design of the study and its particular methodologies, and the guidelines of the target journal and its editors are the main factors that determine the content and layout of the Results section.

The Results section should ONLY include the findings of your study. The results section can include:

  • Data presented in Figures, tables, graphs, and other figures
  • Analysis of your data explaining its meaning in sentence form
  • Report on data collection, recruitment, and/or participants

If the scope of your study is broad or has many variables, or if your experiments reveal multiple findings, the author should present those results that are most relevant to the original research question stated in the Introduction section. Any information that is not in line with your research question should not be presented in this section. In some journals author is requested to include Results and Discussions together and only in this case explanations and interpretations can be integrated in the Results section.

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