Writing isn't just about putting pen to paper and scribbling words. Different occasions demand different types of writing.
Using an informal type of writing for situations that demand a formal type of writing wouldn't be acceptable. That is why it is important to learn about the different writing types or styles and when they are applied.
Some examples of the types of writing available are science writing, formal writing, informal writing, etc. But here, we will be focusing on science and formal writing, and try to differentiate between the two.
So, What's Science Writing?
Science writing is simply writing on science-related topics. The scientific topics involved are what defines science writing. This writing deals basically with information that has been collected using scientific methods and techniques.
The form in which science writing take will depend on the purpose of the author and the individuals for whom document or paper is designed for. The various formats in which science writing comes include Thesis, a report, a research paper, a magazine article, a blog, fact sheet, or video script.
The purpose of a scientist publishing a research paper is so that his colleagues can see it. A journalist writing for a popular science magazine, on the other hand, will write for people who have interests in science. Also, a technician who writes a report may do so for his fellow technicians who desire to be conversant with a new methodology.
Level of education, knowledge, and target audience will determine the type of terminology used by science writers. Scientific terms will be considered as jargon or nonsense when used for the wrong audience. As a science writer, you'll need to identify who your target audience is when crafting a scientific document.
All science writings are peer-reviewed and published. If the writing is not peer-reviewed by subjecting to several tests to determine its novelty and authenticity, then it is not scientific writing. No matter your background or qualification, you can be a science writer.
The language used in science writing is cautionary. This language is used to describe preliminary studies, studies that produce inconclusive results, etc. assertive and positive languages are only used when the studies and findings are confirmed to be authentic and validated by experiments.
Now, What's Formal Writing?
Formal writing is particularly used when the person or group of persons we are addressing is not known to us. Formal writing is also used when the recipient of the letter isn't too familiar with us.
A boss writing to his subordinates is an example. Their acquaintanceship may only be restricted to the work environment. The language used in formal writing indicates deferential regard to the recipient.
Formal writing is used mostly for legal, academic, as well as professional purposes. Formal writing is always professional and straight to the business in its approach. It is laden with respect and politeness through the paper. Formal writing always addresses its recipient(s) using the first-person plural or the second-person singular.
Wrapping It Up
Both forms of writing are used to pass information across to specific people. Formal writing has a broader area of application in comparison to science writing, which is only scientific.