Plagiarism is a modern concept that is an infringement of copyright, no matter what the field is. It is a dishonest act of using someone else's intellectual property and passing it off as their own, without proper or any credit.
Whether you have written a song or reviewed literature for your research proposal, stealing information off of someone else's piece or even reusing yours is unacceptable. It is a breach of academic integrity and therefore an ethical offense. Also, failure to accredit a source of information would risk one's reputation in the long run.
The 4 Basic Types of Plagiarism
1. Verbatim Plagiarism: When you directly copy word-to-word text from someone else's creation and paste it to your write up without any proper citation, then it is known as verbatim plagiarism. If you desire to use the exact text, the best way to avoid getting caught for plagiarism is by embedding in-text citations. This way, the source of the quote or text gets attributed.
2. Self-Plagiarism: People often tend to recycle what they had written once and try to copy and paste the exact same content in a new document. It is also a form of cheating to not come up with a fresh new idea. This can either be done intentionally or unintentionally. Reusing the same pieces of information, you once wrote in a class or project is not freshly generated content and it is dishonest.
3. Mosaic Plagiarism: Most try to get away with plagiarizing an idea or concept by inputting synonymous words or working around the same line. This takes effort and not done recklessly to not get caught. Regardless of that, it is paraphrasing in the same structure and still lacks any citation.
4. Accidental Plagiarism: If you are negligent on citing to the source of your content, then you can easily be accused of the crime. It isn't solely important to cite back to a source but to also follow a format and do it correctly. Check for citation styles too. A lot of times you may not realize it and that is why both consulting with your professor and proofreading is important.
You don't want to gain the wrong impression, be an academic fraud or fail in a course. That is why it's essential to look out for potential plagiarism at all costs. So how can you do it?
1. Use advanced tools: A plagiarism checker can save you from any plagiarized content hassle. Tools like Turnitin can determine even the sneakiest patchwriting. Other tools like Scribbr Citation Generator can give you flawless formats and citation style to avoid any accidental plagiarism.
2. Speak to your professor: If this is your first time writing a research paper or other likewise papers, take advice from the experts. They can refer you to tools, citation websites and where to look for authentic and scholarly documents.
3. Always keep a record: Even if you cannot set a reference to a proper citation style, you should jot down any names or save website links for later.